5 SOUND RECORDING HACKS

5 SOUND RECORDING HACKS

December 22, 2019 100 By Kailee Schamberger


[Cinecom’s intro music] Hey folks, it’s Jordy here for cinecom.net
and welcome to Creative Tuesday. Recently, Saramonic -an audio brand-
sent us some very nice equipment which we’re going to take
a look at in this video. But for all the five hacks we have for you,
you can use any kind of microphone. To capture good and clear audio,
one of the first rules is to bring your microphone
as close as possible to your subject. We’re mounting the Saramonic
Shotgun mic onto a c-stand, as it’s perfect for dialogue
because of its warm sound. So, I’m placing this mic close to Lorenzo. You can either point the microphone
from above or from below. Speech always goes into a cone
out of the talents mouth, so either position can capture
that audio well. Now, having that microphone
so close to the subject is great. But when we switch to a long shot,
that microphone becomes visible. Now instead of moving it to the back,
which will produce too much reverb, we can film our shot from a tripod
and leave that mic in the frame. After you’re done, remove
everything and take an empty shot. By placing these two shots on top of each
other and cropping the mic out of the clip, it’s not visible anymore, and this way
you can keep your mic close. -Alright, Yannick, I’m going all in. The shotgun mic is connected
with an XLR cable to the camera. Obviously, this connector doesn’t
fit within my DSLR, so, that’s why we have an audio interface
and this is the Saramonic Pax. Apart from having an interface
that goes from XLR to mini-jack, this thing comes with
a ton of more features. For starters, you have multiple
XLR and mini-jack inputs, which you can map to the left and the right
audio track which your DSLR captures. This way you can manipulate the audio of two different mics separately
in post-production. So, let’s do that, I’m going to connect
another shotgun mic to the interface. Shotgun mics always need to have some
power, this is also called phantom power. The Saramonic mic has an internal battery,
which means it can run on its own. The other mic, which is from Deity,
does not have that. Luckily, the Saramonic interface
has a phantom power switch. Now we can place one mic
over each actor, and with that interface also
separate the audio tracks. -So, Lorenzo, do you
wanna drink something? -Well, Yannick, I could go
for a drink, yeah. -One moment! When your mic sits still
you don’t need a wind cap. It’s also best to leave it off
when you don’t need one, as it could alter the audio quality. But when you’re booming
and following your subject, it is advisable to add a soft foam
to your shotgun mic. -Nice. [Ice cube falling] [Pouring whiskey] [Sound of card against t-shirt fabric] Most mics have this. If you’re outside and there’s
heavy wind, you can use a dead cat. This is usually an accessory, but
luckily it’s for most mics the same. Saramonic also has one of those
and it works great. -There is so much wind right now! -There is so much wind right now! -No, there isn’t. Now, I also use a deadcat when
recording voice overs. That way the plop sounds from
your voice could be eliminated. -I like pancakes. If you do still hear such
plopping noises, you could take the mic a little bit
out of the deadcat, leaving more empty space in the top. -I like pancakes. If you don’t have such a deadcat,
use a thick sock, or any other thicker fabric to remove
wind or such plopping sounds. -I like pancakes. Now, not all sounds can be
recorded on the spot. And it’s also best that you don’t. For example, if you would record
voice with one mic from your actor and a certain handling with a second mic, that second mic will also record
a bad version of the voice. -Hey Yannick, everything okay there? If you like to get a crisp sound of these
poker chips, record them separate. You can really focus on certain visual elements
by capturing a crisp sound of them. -Hey Yannick, is everything okay there? Now if you cut to a long shot, a close up
sound might not be in place. So keep in mind to take some distance
with your microphone is here as well. That’s why it might be a good idea
to first edit your video, which could be a rough edit, and then playing that back while
you’re recording your sounds. That way you remember
the shots that you took, and it also helps with synchronizing
certain handling. Now, apart from the handling sounds
there’re two types of other sounds. The first one is ambience. Between your captured sounds,
there will be silence. And it’s very weird, you wanna
avoid that at all time. Even when there is actually silence,
there should still be some form of audio, and this is called the ambient sound. Basically what you wanna do after
a shoot is record the silence in a room. Every room has a certain tone. You then lay that ambient sound
track over your entire scene, which will eliminate those
complete silent parts. And finally are sounds you can’t record,
these are sounds such as breaking bones. Unless you really wanna do that. But there’s a less painful way,
by cracking carrots, for example. Or if you’re in a hurry, you could
crack your knuckles or snap your finger nails
against your teeth. -Yannick! -Ugh! [Bones cracking] -Aaaah! That brings me to these little things,
which are wireless microphones. It comes with a transmitter in which
you can plug in a small lavalier mic and a receiver which goes into
your camera or audio interface. This one from Saramonic
is a very interesting one, because it has a dual channel, meaning that you can wirelessly
connect two transmitters to it. Other brands on the market are pretty
expensive if you like one of these, but Saramonic managed to build
a very affordable system without compromising quality. Now, lavalier mics are used
to clip on to your shirt and capture a clean audio of a person
that is hard to boom with a shotgun mic. Definitely if that person is running around
or you don’t have a sound guy with you. When I started with filmmaking, I made
a big mistake and I bought a shotgun mic as my first audio tool. Usually filming alone or in very small teams,
that shotgun mic was pretty clumsy. So after some time I purchased
a lavalier set, which helped me so much
with being faster at my work and not having to need a sound guy. The quality of the audio is however
not as good as a shotgun mic, but it’s definitely something
I would recommend to buy if it’s your very first audio equipment. I’m a very big fan of the
Saramonic gear myself, definitely that dual channel receiver. But of course, you can look at
any brand available on the market. So, having two transmitters
going to one receiver, means that you’ve got a compact system
as you don’t need an audio interface for this. And you can capture close-by
sound of two people. -I’m sorry Yannick that I
kind of broke your arm. -It’s okay. -So, let’s continue, I guess? -Sure. So, like I was saying, that is
how you should use a lavalier system. I got some pretty good alternative uses. First of all is the live sound designing. We’ve got a poker table right here and I’d like to capture some
crisp sounds of the handling. So what I can do is tuck the transmitter
away under the table and hide the small lavalier mic
behind some poker chips. The other lav mic will go next
to the cards Lorenzo has on the table. A quick setup to capture close-by
sounds immediately. [Chips sounds] [Card slide sound] And by the way guys, if you don’t have lav
mics and you’re not planning to buy one, You can use your smartphone’s earbuds. It comes with a small mic for phone calls,
but with a voice capture app, you can tape your phone under that table and have a small mic
tucked away somewhere else. Now since I’m recommending to get
a wireless lavalier system first, there might be situations
where you do need a boom mic. And if you don’t have that, why not
tape the lav mic to a stick and follow your subject around. Maybe your talent is moving too much, where the rubbing of the clothing
is interfering too much. So hanging that lav mic on a stick
is a perfect solution! And, you know, if it looks stupid
but it works, it ain’t stupid! -I’m so done with this game! -Oh, Jordy! Look what Yannick did! That brings us again to the end. Thank you so much for watching,
thank you Saramonic for the support. We have links to all the products
that we used in the description below. And if you have any other questions,
pop me a comment down below! And as always: Stay Creative! -I’m so tired of this game!