CHINA CANCELS 5th & 6th CARRIERS WHICH WERE SUPPOSED TO RIVAL AMERICAN ONES !

CHINA CANCELS 5th & 6th CARRIERS WHICH WERE SUPPOSED TO RIVAL AMERICAN ONES !

February 28, 2020 77 By Kailee Schamberger


American supercarriers are the face of the
U.S Navy and have enabled powered projection far off from the U.S homeland. The U.S Navy has 10 Nimitz class supercarriers
and is in the process of deploying Ford class supercarriers. Each of these has a displacement of 100,000 [wrongly stated as 10,000 in voice over] tons, and an overall length of 332.8 m (1,092 feet). To give viewers a perspective, it is about
3 football fields long. These supercarriers are nuclear powered and
hence have unlimited range. The U.S is the only nation to operate so many
supercarriers and is more than the rest of the world put together. China had big plans for its aircraft carrier
program and there is intense pride associated with it. Chinese political leaders, as well as military
planners, wanted to slowly equal the U.S Navy when it comes to aircraft carriers. But this doesn’t seem to be going as per
plan. On November 28, Minnie Chan of the South China
Morning Post reported that Beijing was scrapping plans for a fifth and sixth nuclear-powered
carrier, once it finished construction of two new steam-powered vessels. This clearly is a major cut. In this video Defense Updates analyzes why
China is downsizing its aircraft carrier program? Let’s get started. This video is sponsored by War Thunder. If you are, like us, fascinated by military
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20 million players from all over the world! For over a decade, China has been steadily
building up plans to deploy 6 aircraft carriers. The plan also made provisions so that the
carriers are of progressively higher capability. China’s first carrier, the Type 001 Liaoning
is actually an old Soviet-era Kuznetsov-class carrier. The Kuznetsov-class aircraft carriers were
the last class of aircraft carriers designed for the Soviet Navy. Two hulls were laid down in the Ukrainia before
the Soviet Union collapsed. Kuznetsov serves today in the Russian Navy
though it is out of action and potential never be operational again. To know more on that, please check the video
on the above card. The other hull was purchased in 1998 by the
People’s Republic of China and towed to Dalian shipyard in northeast China. After being completely rebuilt and undergoing
sea trials, the ship was commissioned into the People’s Liberation Army Navy. Considerably smaller than U.S. carriers, the
Liaoning features a curved ‘ski jump’ ramp that limits the fuel and weapons payload
carried by her J-15 Flying Shark fighters. The second carrier, launched in 2017, designated
the Type 001A —was China’s first entirely domestically built carrier, and is essentially
a copy of Type 001 with very small improvements. China’s 3rd and 4th carriers – the Type
002 or Type 003 are significantly larger and more capable. They are designed to possess catapult-equipped
flight decks that would allow the deployment of fully combat-loaded jet fighters. The final and most ambitious stage of the
Chinese carrier program was two even larger flat-deck carriers. These were supposed to use nuclear propulsion
and were intended to be equal in capability to the U.S. Navy’s supercarriers. Let us now look in the reason for downsizing. China has allocated huge sums of money for
defense. Its around $ 250 billion / year. But even this is 3 times less than the American
defense budget. Aircraft carriers are very costly to develop,
maintain and operate. It is to be noted that aircraft carriers need
other supporting assets to provide cover. For example, American carriers do not operate
alone but are deployed as part of a “carrier strike group”. The carrier strike group consists of multiple
Ticonderoga-class cruiser and Arleigh Burke-class, as well as Virginia class attack submarines. Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser and
Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer are equipped with a diverse array of weapons
for Anti Aircraft Warfare (AAW), Anti Submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti Surface Warfare (ASuW)
as well as have the ability to intercept ballistic missiles through Aegis Ballistic missile defense
system. These vessels can act as a shield for the
supercarrier and will take out incoming missiles and other threats. In case of an eventuality, they could be used
to protect the supercarrier by coming in between missiles or torpedoes and the supercarriers. The Virginia class submarines can defeat enemy
submarines, clear sea mines, as well as score, hits on missile sites. It is clear that operating carriers are a
very cost-intensive undertaking and Chinese economy is slowing down. China’s current naval fighter is the Shenyang
J-15. The Shenyang J-15 also known as Flying Shark
is a 4th generation, twin-jet, all-weather, carrier-based fighter aircraft in development
by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation and the 601 Institute for the Chinese People’s Liberation
Army Navy’s aircraft carriers. J-15 which is basically an unethical copy
of Russian Su-33 uses indigenous Shenyang Liming WS-10H engines which are underpowered. It is thought to have a low maximum launch
weight. With this weight limitation, a J-15 carrier
fighter cannot carry a full load of fuel and weapons. So, it neither has a good range or an effective
weapons package. China’s own media has come down heavily
on it. Beijing-based Sina Military Network (SMN)
criticized the capabilities of the J-15 as nothing more than a “flopping fish” incapable
of flying from the Liaoning with heavy weapons, “effectively crippling its attack range
and firepower. Not only this, the aircraft has seen several
crashes due to issues that are traced back to its engine and China is still struggling
to find a dependable replacement. Any Chinese aircraft carrier will be vulnerable
and posses limited strike capability because of the inherent issues of Shenyang J-15. China will need to develop a competent naval
fighter. There are conflicting reports as to whether
China will customize the yet to be deployed J-31 stealth fighter for carrier operations,
or develop a naval variant of the larger Chengdu J-20 stealth jet currently in service or build
an entirely new fighter jet. Building an aircraft carrier like the U.S
Navy’s Nimitz and Ford-class is a major engineering feat since these are very complex. China has run into several issues. China posses nuclear technology to power its
Ballistic Missile Submarines. But building reactors for an aircraft carrier
is a different ball game altogether since it needs to be much more powerful. For example, U.S Navy’s Ohio Class Ballistic
Missile Submarines are powered by a single S8G PWR nuclear reactor that generates 45
MW whereas Nimitz class has 2 A4W reactors each generating 100 MW. Ford class supercarriers take the game forward
and will have 2 Bechtel A1B nuclear reactors. Each one these are capable of producing 300
MW of electricity, triple the 100 MW of each Nimitz-class vessel. China is facing difficulties in developing
a small but powerful and safe naval reactor required for nuclear propulsion. China was also determined to equip its 5th
& 6th carriers with electromagnetic launch systems or EMALs instead of steam catapults. With steam-actuation, the majority of the
force is being transferred to the airplane at the beginning of the stroke—in a jolt. This puts stress on an airframe, and thus
reduces the lifespan of the multi-million dollar planes. EMALS uses a linear induction motor with an
electric current to generate a magnetic field. That field then propels a carriage down a
track. Since the power delivery is linear, it negates
the deficiencies of a steam catapult. It’s can also speed up aircraft operations
25% and requires lesser maintenance. Currently, EMALs are present only in Ford
class supercarrier and US Navy is facing lingering issues and is still fine-tuning it. China has not been able to master EMAL. Reports indicate that tests of the electromagnetic
catapults are yet to meet the required standard. So, it is clear that China as some way to
go when it comes to developing modern aircraft carriers.